definition of diabetes in the Medical dictionary
When used alone, the term refers to mellitus. adult onset mellitus type 2 d. mellitus.
gestational , gestational mellitus that with onset or first recognition during pregnancy.
growth onset mellitus type 1 d. mellitus.
insipidus any of several types of polyuria in which the volume of urine exceeds 3 liters per day, causing dehydration and great thirst, as well as sometimes emaciation and great hunger.
insulin dependent mellitus (IDD) (IDDM) type 1 d. mellitus.
juvenile mellitus, juvenile onset mellitus type 1 d. mellitus.
ketosis prone mellitus type 1 d. mellitus.
maturity onset mellitus type 2 d. mellitus.
mellitus (DM) a chronic syndrome of impairedimpaired cheap china 49ers jerseys free shipping
carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism owing to insufficient secretion of insulin or to target tissue insulin resistance. It occurs in two major forms: type 1 d. mellitus and type 2 d. mellitus, which differ in etiology, pathology, genetics, age of onset, and treatment.
nephrogenic insipidus inherited or acquired insipidus caused by failure of the renal tubules to reabsorb water in response to antidiuretic hormone, without disturbance in the renal filtration and solute excretion rates.
non mellitus (NIDD) (NIDDM) type 2 d. mellitus.
preclinical former name for impaired glucose tolerance.
renal see under glycosuria.
subclinical former name for impaired glucose tolerance.
Type I mellitus type 1 d. mellitus.
type 1 mellitus one of the two major types of mellitus, characterized by abrupt onset of symptoms (often in early adolescence), insulinopenia, and dependence on exogenous insulin; it is due to lack of insulin production by the pancreatic beta cells. With inadequate control, hyperglycemia, protein wasting, and ketone body production occur; the hyperglycemia leads to overflow glycosuria, osmotic diuresis, hyperosmolarity, dehydration, and diabetic ketoacidosis, which can progress to nausea and vomiting, stupor, and potentially fatal hyperosmolar coma. The associated angiopathy of blood vessels (particularly microangiopathy) affects the retinas, kidneys, and arteriolar basement membranes. Polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, weight loss, paresthesias, blurred vision, and irritability also occur.
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II mellitus type 2 d. mellitus.
type 2 mellitus one of the two major types of mellitus, peaking in onset between 50 and 60 years of age, characterized by gradual onset with few symptoms of metabolic disturbance (glycosuria and its consequences) and control by diet, with or without oral hypoglycemics but without exogenous insulin required. Basal insulin secretion is maintained at normal or reduced levels, but insulin release in response to a glucose load is delayed oror wholesale cheap 49ers jerseys
reduced. Defective glucose receptors on the pancreatic betabeta cheap authentic 49ers jerseys free shipping
cells may be involved. It is often accompanied by disease of blood vessels, particularly the large ones, leading to premature atherosclerosis with myocardial infarction or stroke syndrome. Any of several metabolic disorders marked byby cheap 49ers jerseys from china
excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst, especially one of the two types of mellitus.
DiabetesA disease characterized by an inability to process sugars in the diet, due to a decrease in or total absence of insulin production. May require injections of insulin before meals to aid in the metabolism of sugars.
Mentioned in: Adrenal Gland Cancer, Pancreatitis, Retinal Hemorrhage
[d Etymology: Gk, diabainein, to pass through
a clinical condition characterized by the excessive excretion of urine. The excess may be caused by a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone, as in insipidus, or it may be the polyuria resulting from the hyperglycemia that occurs in mellitus. See also insipidus, mellitus.
[di a general term referring to any of various disorders characterized by excessive urination (polyuria); when used alone, the term refers to mellitus. (See Atlas 4, Part D).
brittle that is difficult to control, characterized by unexplained oscillation between hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis. (This term was formerly much used, but it is not a classification used by the World Health Organization or the American Diabetes Association.).